With the aim of a coordinated reconstruction and development of the Afghani energy sector, the Afghani government called for a harmonized and agreed energy master plan setting out priorities, time frame and costs. Its emphasis is to identify future load centers and predict energy demand over the coming 20 years. A strategy is worked out to meet the growing power demand by both in-country generation under consideration of local fuel availability and by power imports. A further aspect is to expand the power grid to connect the intended load centers. The planned involvement of the Afghani government, development organizations and private enterprise in the energy sector is investigated.