In view of the abundant mineral resources in Mozambique and in response to a request from the Mozambique government, the World Bank has launched a program to strengthen the country’s gas and mining sectors. Fichtner was commissioned by the Bank to prepare a study on the institutional structure as well as measures for strengthening government agencies and ministries concerned with mineral resources. While giving consideration to the growth of these sectors, we undertook a functional diagnosis, focusing on clients, objectives and responsibilities, organizational structures and procedures as well as human, technical and financial capacities. In a comprehensive end-of-project report, we made recommendations for reforming the organizational structure together with personnel development. At a workshop addressing the needs of the whole country, these recommendations were presented and discussed with all relevant ministries and government agencies as well as the World Bank.